In this video, we’re going to look at dandruff and hair loss. We’re going to explain what dandruff is, including the main causes and symptoms, we’re going to look at the common dandruff treatments on the market and then we’ll outline the steps you need to take to treat the problem while also preventing hair thinning and perhaps even promoting hair growth.
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What is Dandruff?
Dandruff is a scalp condition, characterized by white flakes and itching (2). It’s clinically known as Pityriasis Capitis, and it’s a disorder which can negatively impact the lives of sufferers.
Not to be confused with seborrheic dermatitis, which is a condition that can affect other areas of the body in addition to the scalp, dandruff is an extremely common condition which affects upwards of 50% of people worldwide (1).
This is a condition known to appear around the pubertal age, though it can extend to 50 years of age and beyond.
There is a similar condition which is seen in infants and known as cradle cap, though it’s temporary and typically resolves on its own (3).
What Causes Dandruff?
While many believe that dandruff is simply a case of dry scalp, the cause goes much deeper than that.
According to a 2014 research study, the culprit appears to be a species of fungus, known as Malassezia (4).
The researchers found that 84% of individuals with clinical dandruff have levels of Malesseziapresent in their scalps.
This is in comparison to healthy individuals, with only 30% having the fungus present in their scalps.
Malessezia is also believed to be the cause of seborrheic dermatitis, a much more serious skin condition, and has also been found to be linked to increased levels of hair fall (5).
What are the Symptoms of Dandruff?
For those who’re suffering from itchy scalp, it may be difficult to distinguish between general irritation and a clinical diagnosis of dandruff. Here’s a list of symptoms which, when combined, may indicate that you suffer from more than just scalp itch.
This video is for educational purposes only and is not intended to treat, diagnose or cure any disease